By Fredrik Fahlander.
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Extra info for Archaeology as Science Fiction: a Microarchaeology of the Unknown
E. a constructed and generalised way for the social analyst to work with macro-oriented analysis. In the multi-methodological approach, neither functionalism or systems theory, nor more individual-oriented perspectives are necessarily false on the analytical level, while they might be both simplistic and naive as meta-theories of human agency. A multi-methodological approach offers many interesting ways of dealing with the archaeological record. The main purpose of this chapter has been to introduce the general epistemological background for the following discussion.
The concept of 'culture' is dubious, and so variously (ab)used that it has lost any meaning other than in general terms (cf. Jenks 1993, Hodder 1992, Obeyesekere 1990:242, Friedman 1994:67-78). g. Malinowski 1939, Parsons 1951:5-6, Giddens 1979:66, Luhmann 1995, Linton 1936:253. 42 3. e. similar to the modern nationstate (Wallerstein 1987:315; cf. Giddens 1984:xxvi, Rowlands 1982:163f). Such a conception does not fit very well with prehistoric low-tech 'traditional' cultures or archaeological material cultures.
In this text I have somewhat reluctantly used the term social formation, as a conceptual frame for social practices carried out within a limited time-space. g. social anthropology. I use the term social in its widest definition, including the 'soft', 'female', subjective, immaterial, and ideological 'cultural' aspects of human interaction (cf. Gellner 1985:135f, Malinowski 1944, Wallace 1983, Hays 1994:58). Neither should the second component, 'formation', be confused with the static and closed form found in structurefunctionalism or systems theory.
Archaeology as Science Fiction: a Microarchaeology of the Unknown by Fredrik Fahlander.